The information technology revolution and the liberalization of economies around the world have led to globalization of the human resource pool for technology. US and India are at the leading edge of this change. Research, development, innovation and entrepreneurship are increasingly carried out via cross-border initiatives involving both the academic and business communities. The need to innovate new technologies in collaboration with the users of the technologies has changed the workforce needs of the business world, while the aptitudes andtalents of the future workforce have changed radically as a consequence of easy access to digital and communications technologies. Although engineering educational institutions in US and India are responding to these changes, many of them are inhibited by traditional approaches to teaching and research.
Engineering education needs to pay more attention to the development of innovation, entrepreneurship and the ability of its graduates to function in a constantly changing global environment. The future of the US technical workforce is further challenged by the lack of interest and preparation among its youth for science and engineering careers. At the same time, India has a large number of youth with strong math and science skills interested in engineering careers, but limited by inadequately trained faculty, poor facilities and limited research in a majority of its engineering colleges.